South Korea, officially called the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia.
Korea has a long history and has ties with China and Japan that dates back before the common era.
In 1910, the Empire of Japan occupied Korea. By World War II, many Koreans were drafted into the Imperial Japanese Army. By this time, communist insurgents led Kim Il-Sung waged guerrilla warfare against the Japanese occupiers. At the end of the war, Korea was divided at the 38th Parallel, where the northern part was administered by the Soviet Union and the southern part was administered by the United States. Both countries had governments by 1948 and it was disputed which government would rule the Korean peninsula.
By 1950, wanting to reunite the Korean Peninsula under Communist rule, North Korea invaded South Korea and pushed back both U.S. and South Korean soldiers to Pusan. The timely intervention of the United Nations Forces saved South Korea from communist takeover, and were on their way to Pyongyang. However, they were pushed back when China intervened in October 1950. From that point on, the war became a stalemate with each forces making no significant progress. In July 27, 1953, an armistice was signed to cease hostilities, but no peace treaty has been signed, meaning that North and South were still technically at a state of war.
During the 1960s, a border war was fought in the DMZ. When the Vietnam War raged on, South Korea sent troops to the country as part of the anti-communist forces. They were well known in the battlefield as extremely violent and were feared by the NVA and the Vietcong.
World War IIIEdit
South Korea was not initially part of the conflict when World War III broke out between the United States, their NATO allies and the Soviet Union and their Warsaw Pact and communist allies. U.S. Forces Korea was probably placed on high alert just incase the Soviet Union or North Korea would invade the South, or were pulled out of the country in order to send more troops to Europe.
When China declared war on the United States, six months later, South Korea was attacked and subsequently occuped by the Chinese. It was unknown if North Korea helped China in capturing the South, but this is a big possibility. However, judging by how easily South Korea fell, U.S. soldiers were likely withdrawn in order earlier during the war to fight the Soviets which just invaded Seattle, leaving the outnumbered South Koreans to fight the combined armies of China and possibly North Korea.
As Chinese forces retreated from Seattle, South Korea still remained under Chinese occupation. However, there may be resistance from local forces or once the United States goes on the offensive, they may liberate South Korea from the Chinese.